MUSIC OF VIETNAM
Vietnam has many kinds of music, and many varieties of each musical form: the North, the Center and the South have their own kinds of music including:
a. Court music (which has eight subdivisions)
b. Ceremonial and Religious music (the prayers of thanks and supplications of remembrance.
Buddhism, Confucianism, and Caodaïsm.
c. Entertainment music “Đờn Ca Tài Tử” (Music of the Amateurs) roughly comparable to Western Chamber music – Đờn Ca Tài Tử, type of music is of a stricly private nature to be heard by a small audience, practised by some professional, semi-professional, non professional musicians and singers for their enjoyment – no one cary on it to earn living – with a repertoire which includes mainly songs accompanied by one, two, three or four instrumens such as the đờn Kìm or (Nguyệt) (moon shaped-lute), đờn Tranh (16 stringed-Zither), đờn Cò or (Nhị), đờn Độc huyền or (Bầu) Monochord.
d. Folk music and the Ethnic minorities – provide even more variety with their own ceremonies, dances and songs.
e. Musical Theater, long popular in Vietnam divides clearly into three sections:
the Fold Opera of the North – ressembles the opera comic and Renovated Theater of the South (Hat Cải Lương).
f. The Classical Theater of the Center (Hát Bội) – akin to grand opera -. Legend claims that the Hát Bội was initially brought to Viet nam before the 14th century from China by a Chinese invasion soldier who was captured by the Vietnamese army.
g. The Renovated Theater of the South (Hát Cải Lương)
a kind of operetta. It was born in the twentieth century as a mixture of Chamber music, French Theater, and traditional element.
MUSIC OF VIETNAM